Classification of indoor lighting
According to the shape and installation method of the indoor lightings, there are ceiling lamps, chandeliers, floor lamps, table lamps, spotlights.
Ceiling lights are the most common type of indoor lighting in interior decoration. This type of indoor lighting has a flat top and the bottom is completely attached to the roof when installed, so it is called a ceiling light.
Ceiling lamps have various shapes and are often used for overall lighting in living rooms and bedrooms. Ceiling lights with a diameter of 20 cm are suitable for walkways and bathrooms, while ceiling lights with a diameter of 40 cm are suitable for rooms with a large area of 16 square meters.
It is recommended to use acrylic, that is a plexiglass lampshade. The advantages of this material are high light transmittance, light weight, good toughness, not easy to break, good atomization effect, and brighter light.
A Pendant light is a indoor lighting that hangs under the ceiling. Divided into single-head pendant light and multi-head pendant light. Single-head pendant indoor lighting are mostly used in bedrooms and dining rooms, and multi-head pendant indoor lighting are mostly used in living rooms.
The multi-head pendant indoor lighting with complex shape is suitable for use in the space with higher floor height. The distance between the lowest point of the multi-head pendant indoor lighting and the floor should be more than 2.1 meters. If it is a two-story layout, the lowest point of the hall pendant indoor lighting should not be lower than the second floor.
When choosing a multi-head pendant indoor lighting , the number of lamp holders is generally determined according to the area of the living room. The size of the indoor lighting should be in harmony with the size of the living room.
The floor indoor lighting is easy to move, and is generally arranged in the living room and rest area to match the sofa and coffee table. Indoor lighting floor are used for local lighting and create a corner atmosphere.
The floor indoor lighting next to the sofa should be able to adjust the height and the angle of the lampshade. Floor indoor lighting is usually 1.2-1.3 meters high. Floor indoor lighting can not only provide supplementary lighting for reading, but also relieve the eye irritation of the TV screen when watching TV.
Table lamps are small indoor lighting placed on desks, dining tables and other countertops. Table indoor lighting are often used for reading and work. The illumination range of the desk indoor lighting is small and concentrated, and will not affect the light of the entire room.
The working desk lamp usually has a semicircular opaque lampshade, and the semicircle is used for condensing light. The inner wall of the lampshade has a reflection effect, so that the light is concentrated on the designated area.
Rocker-arm desk indoor lighting is recommended, and the two arms are more convenient to adjust than the single arm. It should be ensured that the inner wall of the lampshade and the light source cannot be seen when the person’s line of sight is level in a normal sitting posture.
Spotlights are small indoor lighting installed around the ceiling, in the wall or above the furniture, are characterized by high concentration of light, directly illuminating the object that needs to be emphasized, and the contrast between light and shadow is strong to highlight the key point.
The spotlight has a wide range of uses, this indoor lighting can be used in conjunction with the main light or in the space without the main light, but the number should not be large to prevent circuit overload and unsightly. This indoor lighting can be used between furniture partitions to express decorations on the partitions.
Indoor lighting in different spaces
Just as the soft indoor lighting of a coffee shop represents the feelings of petty bourgeoisie, the style and taste of a home can also be reflected through indoor lighting. Indoor lighting sources with the same parameters, where and how they are installed, and lighting with different materials, will produce completely different lighting effects and create a completely different atmosphere.
The main indoor lighting in the living room is generally located in the middle of the ceiling and is used to provide overall lighting. Ceiling lights and pendant lights are commonly used. For a living room with an area of 20 square meters, you can choose a round indoor lighting with a diameter of about 80 cm or a long indoor lighting with a diameter of about 110 x 70 cm.
If you use the pendant light, you can also install the pendant indoor lighting directly above the table in the living room instead of in the middle of the ceiling. Pull the indoor lighting very low and become the focal point of the sofa area.
If it is a room with a low floor height, the indoor lighting shape should be simple, and the pendant indoor lighting that is too complicated will have a sense of depression.
As the main resting space, the bedroom needs a soft and relaxing lighting environment.
In addition to standing and looking up, people’s eyesight is more lying up before going to bed. Therefore, scattered, indirect, low-brightness indoor lighting should be set up, and it is not suitable to use indoor lighting with direct light downwards, such as pendant indoor lighting that are not blocked by soft light shades. The lampshade can be made of paper, wood, bamboo and other natural materials to create a comfortable and natural space atmosphere.
Wall lamps or table lamps are generally used on both sides of the bed to provide lighting for reading before going to bed. Both have their advantages: the wall lamp does not occupy the space of the bedside table, and the desk lamp does not need to reserve a line on the wall.
The dining room generally uses low-hanging pendant indoor lighting to let the light gather together, forming a contrast between light and dark near the dining table, creating a warm dining atmosphere.
The lowest point of the pendant indoor lighting should be about 70cm higher than the dining table, and the diameter should be more than 30cm smaller than the width of the table to avoid encounters. Choose warm-toned indoor lighting to make food look more delicious.
It is recommended to use translucent lampshades in the dining room, such as acrylic, paper, which can not only condense light downwards, but also transmit light appropriately, and have a certain auxiliary lighting effect on the surroundings, so that the light is soft.
If you use metal and other opaque lampshades, it is best to have other lamps as supplementary lighting, otherwise the light of the pendant indoor lighting will be gathered downwards, which will cause the center to be extremely bright and the surroundings extremely dark, which is visually and psychologically uncomfortable.